The Papanicolaou test is a useful screening tool that helps identify early cellular changes, even if cervical cancer is present, it can be treated early. Since using the Papanicolaou test as a tool to examine cancer more than 50 years ago, deaths from cervical cancer in the United States have decreased significantly.
Concepción Díaz-Arastia, director of gynecology and associate professor at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, explains: “Papanicolaou tests for cervical dysfunction, which may be cancer or cervical cancer.”
There are two basic types of Papanicolaou tests. The samples are collected in the same way for each: the gynecologist will take a small amount of cells from the surface of the cervix to be analyzed in the laboratory. The oldest conventional test examines the sample in one slice, while the modern cell method places the most typical cells in the liquid in a vial. Studies show that both tests can be relied upon as tools for cervical cancer.
Decipher the abnormal cervical smear
Trialix In the laboratory, the technician examines the microscopic appearance of the cells on the slide or in the flasks, looking for different types of abnormalities. Some laboratories use computer programs to read Papanicolaou tests.
Abnormal cervical deformity does not necessarily mean you have cancer. “Abnormal” simply means that the cells visible with the analysis do not look like normal cells. There are many reasons that make the results of the cervix abnormal, including:
- Inflammation or irritation of cervical cells.
- Cervical infection
- Hormonal changes
- The obtained brochures did not contain enough cervical cells for their correct interpretation.
You will be asked to attend additional tests to determine the cause of the abnormal results. You may need another Pap test or a more detailed exam called a vaginal endoscopy. Or you may have to repeat a Pap test if your doctor does not collect enough cells the first time.
From time to time, the results of the Pap test can be interpreted and interpreted as normal, even if some cells cause cancer. But cervical cancer grows slowly, so it is likely that the next cervical smear will find these cells in time for an effective treatment. For this reason, the Papanicolaou test in recommended periods is somewhat intelligent.
Bethesda System for Papanicolaou Test Results
Testo Drive 365 When the results of a Pap test are transmitted to your doctor, they are usually classified according to a standard called the Bethesda system. This means that your results will be placed in one of the following categories:
- Normal or no changes.
- Non-specific non-stereotypical squamous cells (ASCUS). This is the most common category of abnormal cervical smear results. There are abnormal cells, but they do not refer to cancer. More often, ASCUS cells are caused by HPV infection.
- Injury within the epithelial epithelium (SIL). These abnormal changes can be a sign of early cancer. It is divided into low quality or high quality SIL. High-quality flow, or HSIL, is more likely to progress to cancer.
- Non-stereotyped squamous cells, HSIL can not be excluded. The changes are found in the cells, which may or may not be high quality SIL.
- Non-typical glandular cells. These abnormal glandular cells (not clam cells) suggest cancer in the upper part of the cervix.
- Cancer Cervical cancer cells are identified.
Your doctor may use different terms to talk with you about the results of an abnormal cervical smear. “Dysfunction” refers to these changes, which can be cancerous. The CIN is used with 1 to 3 methods to determine the degree of cell change, with 1 low quality and 2 and 3 high quality changes. Canada
And HPV Pap tests
Human papilloma virus (HPV) can make cervical cells look abnormal. Usually, your body will fight HPV and show a cervical smear after normal cells. However, some forms of HPV cause cervical cancer. If your results are abnormal due to the presence of HPV, you may need a Pap test several times until your doctor determines that these changes are not precancerous.
The HPV test can be performed at the same time as the Papanicolaou test, either with a sample that is being analyzed at the same time or with two separate samples. It is recommended that HPV be tested for women over 30 years of age. The test may also tell your doctor if you have a type of HPV that can cause cervical cancer.
Unless the cervical door is detected.
As effective as a Papanicolaou smear, they do not test all possible failures in your reproductive system. Do not show:
Other reproductive cancers. “We do not analyze or analyze samples of tissue or cells from the uterus or from the fallopian tubes or the ovaries,” says Dr. Diaz-Arastia. “There is no screening test for cancer of the uterus or fallopian tube or ovary.”
Sexually transmitted diseases (sexually transmitted diseases). Your doctor may take samples of your vagina during a pelvic exam to analyze sexually transmitted diseases, but this test and the results are independent of Pap tests.
The current recommendations are for most women to have a Pap test every two years starting at age 21, unless the doctor recommends more frequent tests. After age 30, if a woman has three regular PAPs, the trial period can be increased to three years.